By by Thomas v. der Osten-Sacken
He is also quoting the study about FGM in Kurdistan drawing this conclusion:
A situation in which half of Kurdish women are still subjected to this atrocity remains disgraceful for all Muslims. Islam today faces many challenges as believers seek to reinforce universal values of civility between faiths, accountability, and popular sovereignty within the global Islamic community. But these necessary efforts cannot be fulfilled without renewed guarantees for the equality of women and protection of their rights. For moderate Muslims, a major goal must be the abolition of FGM, with the naming and shaming of clerics and other authorities who justify it.