This blog posts any and all news related to Female Genital Cutting (FGC). It tracks only content that discusses FGC as a main subject. The page is designed as a resource for researchers and those who want to keep up to date on this issue without slogging through google alerts or news pages. Original authors are responsible for their content. To suggest content please write to firstname.lastname@example.org. FGC is also called female genital mutilation or FGM; FGM/C; or female circumcision.
FACT: 1.Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)is more than just the equivalent to male circumcision. It involves several variations of crude surgical procedures to alter the genitalia of young women and girls for reasons of culture, religious, or social practices for non-medical reason. There are no personal hygienic or health benefits.
2.Approximately 100 million to 140 million femalesare currently affected by the consequences of this practice. These complications include:shock, severe bleeding, short-term and long-term urinary tract infections, difficulty in passing urine, massive scarring, inability to experience orgasm, painful sexual intercourse, complications in childbirth and newborn fatalities from a externally-restricted birth passage. 3. FGM is practiced on young girls between infancy and the age of 15. It is often associated the puberty rites.Sixty-five to ninety percent of affected women are from eastern, north-eastern, or far western regions ofAfrica.
4. The procedure consists of the removal of any combination of the clitoris, inner, and/or outer labia. It may be carried out by means of any sharp tool, including knives or even a piece of glass. It may also include the practice ofinfibulation.
And why is this considered a “domestic violence” issue?Because FGM stems from the result of social convention/cultural tradition and is implemented byfamily members, it is mothersandgrandmotherswho are largely responsible for enforcing the practice. Local religious authorities, community leaders, tribal practitioners, and “granny-midwives” are all advocates for perpetuation of FGM.
Young girls are raised to believe that FGM is part of a proper upbringing; it is part of becoming a woman. It is linked to what is consideredproper sexual behaviour, virginity, and marital fidelity, designed to prepare her for adulthood and marriage.Girls are taught that FGM makes them “clean and beautiful,” by ridding themselves ofexternal vestiges of “maleness” which are considered “unclean.”
Dr. Marci Bowersof Trinidad, CO, is a doctor specializing ingender reassignmentand has been a key figure in reconstructive surgeries for victims of FGM. Dr. Bowers, who underwent gender reassignment herself in the 1990’s, feels a sense of kinship with the unfortunates who live with an overwhelming loss of identity. Some women did not even realize they were different until they relocated to the States and were examined by a gynecologist or saw textbook diagrams of unmodified women. Some have blocked out the horror of the experience; others remember it vividly.
In 2008, theWorld Health Assemblypassed a resolution (WHA61.16) on the elimination of FGM, emphasizing the need for concerted action in all sectors - health, education, finance, justice and women's affairs.